Opinion: When it comes to retirement security wereNo. 17

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Somehow shouting Were number 17! just doesnt have the right ring to it.

But thats where the United States ranks17thin terms of retiree well-being. Thats according to the2021 Global Retirement Indexreleased by Natixis Investment Managers. The index provides a snapshot of the relative financial security of retirees in 44 countries in four key areas:

  • Material well being (having enough money). The U.S. ranks 11th.

  • Retirement finances (access to qualified financial advisers and services to help preserve savings value and maximize income). The U.S. ranks 17th.

  • Access to good healthcare. The U.S. ranks 21st.

  • Quality of life (a clean, safe environment in which to live). The U.S. ranks 26th.

Obviously these things are intertwined. Without the first itemhaving enough moneyexperienced financial advisers generally wont even sit down with you, and insufficient assets obviously influences the kind of healthcare you receive and whether you live in a place with low crime, good schools, roads and all the rest.

Based on what those surveyed in the United States said, Natixisplastered an ominous headlineon the studys webpage, saying Itll Take A Miracle to retirement securely in an insecure world. Thats what two in five respondents told them.

Whats interesting is that this gloom is less evident among older Americans, but much more prevalent among younger Americans. For example, 30% of baby boomers (born between 1946 and 1964 and currently retiring at the rate of 10,000 a day), are gloomy about their retiree well-being. But 45% of Generation X (born between 1965 to 1980), and 46% of Generation Y, better known as millennials (born 1981 to 1996) are.

Theres more gloom among younger Americans for one big reason: They dont think Social Security will be around for themat least not in its present configuration. Three-quarters (77%) of all Americans surveyed fear that rising government debt will lead to reduced Social Security benefits, making it harder for retirees to make ends meet.

Read: Worried about Social Security? 5 ways to save it

The fear is understandable. As weve mentioned many times before, no less an authority than the Social Security Trustees have warned for yearsand as recently as two weeks ago that the systems gargantuan Trust Fund is now burning through more cash than its taking in. By fiscal year 2034 the Trust Fund will be gone.

What happens then? In 2034, baby boomers will range in age from 70 to 88, and Gen Xers from 54 to 69. Theyll still get Social Security, but based on Trustee projections, just 78 cents in the dollar. Tens of millions of retirees today are heavily or even utterly dependent on Social Security, and the prospect of a 22% cut is, frankly, frightening.

Fattening the Trust Fund

And those reduced benefitswhere will the money come from? The place it comes from now: payroll taxes that are paid by employers and employees (each currently pays 6.2% of a persons wage into the Trust Fund).

The problem is there arent enough younger workers to support all the boomers and Gen Xers. The U.S. birthrate is at its lowest level in decadesAmerican women simply arent having very many babiesand theres an antipathy toward immigration, at least in some circles. Consider the fact that there areright now10.9 million job openingsin the United States, according to Labor Department data.Each unfilled job deprives the Trust Fund of badly needed revenue.

So unless we get a lot more workers, and fast, the only way to prop up the system is with pain: benefit cuts or tax hikes. No wonder younger workers are gloomy.

So its hardly surprising then, that the Natixis study also said:

  • Nearly three in five workers think theyll have to keep working for longer to save enough for retirement

  • 36% think theyll never have enough to retire, including 51% of millennials, 48% of Generation X and 20% of boomersagain, a correlation between youth and gloom.

  • And whatever workers do have saved, two-thirds (68%) worry that long-term inflation will erode their purchasing power (sidebar: the U.S. Consumer Price Index has risen5.3% over the past year,according to data released Tuesday)

  • Nearly two-thirds (64%) worry about soaring healthcare costs.

  • Half (50%) worry that low interest rates will make it harder to generate income in retirement (though if inflation remains high, the Federal Reserve may be more likely to hike rates).

Meanwhile, a recentand giantproblemis adding to retirement worries: The pandemic, which has exacerbatedfinancial inequality and accelerated long-term trends that are eroding the prospect of retirement security for many, saysJim Roach, Natixiss Senior VP of Retirement Strategies.

Hes right. Because of the pandemic, millions have been pushed into retirement earlier than planned, accelerating the drain on Social Security. The job market has and continues to be severely disrupted. The U.S. healthcare system, in places, is straining, if not buckling, under the pressure of greater demand. It really might take A miracle to retire securely in an insecure world.

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